The Suez crisis of 1956 opened a new chapter in the global political history of the post second world war period. It was for the first time that the fire of the hardly a decade old world war would take a shape of new turmoil of sourness and distrust among the victorious great powers of the second world war over the Suez crisis 1956. The Suez Crisis turned the entire region of the Middle East into an area of vital interest for both super powers of the Cold war. The Suez Crisis intensified struggle among the super powers to maintain influence over geostrategic locations of the Middle East region. The crisis also surfaced the differences between the leaders of United States and Great Britain. The Suez crisis set the trends of global diplomacy in the initial phases of cold war in the region. Its diverse impact invited scholars to research the issue from different dimensions. There are so many important aspects attached with the Suez crisis that sparked our interests to review the literature published on this issue. For example it was the very first issue since the end of the Second World War and the beginning of the Cold War, when the two trusted friends United States and Great Britain diverged in their opinions. The second reason is that the Suez crisis remained neglected in historical research work on Eisenhower’s era. Historians’ studies on president Eisenhower mostly focused Vietnam. However the Eisenhower period is discussed with considerable length. Thirdly, this issue provides best case study of the pattern of pursuing national interests among the members of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), United States, Great Britain and France. Fourthly, it was the first issue on which the main adversaries of the Cold war, America and USSR had identical views. This paper presents a critical review of the published material on the Suez crisis in the decade of 1990s. This study also offers a survey of archival sources that could help the students as a source of inspiration for further research and will help to understand the current complexities of Middle Eastern politics.
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Copyright (c) 2011 Prof. Dr. S. M. Taha, Dr. Moiz Khan, Dr. Kishwar Khan