Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities <p>The Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Faculty of Arts &amp; Social Sciences, University of Karachi, is an HEC recognized 'Y' category, double blind international peer review, multi-disciplinary Social Sciences journal. It is an open access journal and published biannually by the Faculty of Arts &amp; Social Sciences, University of Karachi in the month of June and December. The journal covers a wide array of topics from different learned scholars, ranging from international relations, psychology, political science and education to criminology. The studies are conducted on the broad spectrum of the topics ranging from socio cultural, economic and political changes, human behavior, globalization and financial crimes as well. All rights reserved.</p> BCC & T, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan en-US Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 0257-4276 ETHICAL LEADERSHIP AND STAFF INNOVATIVE BEHAVIOUR IN NIGERIA <p><em>This study investigated ethical leadership and staff innovative behaviour in Nigeria. The aims of this study are to find out the relationships that exist among ethical leadership and staff innovative behaviour. This study also seeks to find the level of practice for the parts in ethical leadership and staff innovative. Quantitative research design was adopted in the study. Sample of 350 participants were randomly selected from the sample university in line with Research Advisor (2006), table of determining sample size of known population. Pearson correlations and linear regression analysis were used to analyze the collected data. The findings show that leadership integrity, power sharing and fairness positively and significantly correlated with staff innovative behaviour. The result also shows that staff innovative behaviour can be influenced by ethics behaviour of academic leaders. In order to improve staff innovative behaviour and development of </em><em>universities, academic leaders must demonstrate high standards of professional conduct, encourage an open and transparent culture, develop framework that will encourage staff to work together irrespective of their race, gender, religion or age, as well as demonstrate effective fairness in terms of unbiased evaluation of staff performance. If all these are put in place, staff innovative behaviour (self-efficacy, knowledge sharing, and idea generation) will be achieved.</em></p> Abdullahi Nimota Jibola Copyright (c) 2020 Abdullahi, Nimota Jibola Kadir 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 59 1 1 19 10.46568/jssh.v59i1.322 EFFECT OF SUCCESSION PLANNING ON ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH <p><em>In today’s modern world, globalization has increased competition among the organizations. In order to meet competition every organization require high skilled work force. Organizations are becoming more dependent on skilled work force. Increase in competition has also been increasing the stress on employees that is causing hi gh turnover in organization. Increase in employee turnover and unavailability of skilled work force has an indispensable question on the future growth of organizations. Every organization has two ways to tackle this situation either to hire person for the vacant key position from outside or to promote employee within the organization. The Study aims to analyze the impact of succession planning on organizational growth and association of gender variation with growth of organization. A survey of 300 persons doing an official task under the management, were interviewed through questionnaire based on five points Likert scale and developed through pilot study. Convenience sampling was used to draw the sample including 150 males and 150 females. Logistic regression was used to calculate impact of succession planning on organizational growth. Result of the study reveals effective succession plan can help the organization to meet desire objectives. It has significant positive impact of 2.5 times on growth of organization by increasing number employees through accurate hiring and by retaining key personnel on key position. Study also concludes, gender variation has no association with growth of organization.</em></p> Ammad Zafar Ghazal Khawaja Hummayun Akhtar Copyright (c) 2020 Ammad Zafar, Dr Ghazal Khawaja Hummayun Akhtar 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 59 1 21 33 10.46568/jssh.v59i1.323 ICONIC REPRESENTATION OF BALOCH CULTURE: A SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS <p><em>The present paper analyzes cultural attires and appearances of Marri and Bugti tribes </em><em>in Balochistan to find out latent meanings attached to these artifacts. In doing so, the </em><em>study uses Peirce’s framework of semiotics- an iconic perspective. The analysis has </em><br /><em>been carried out with the help of close reading (Semiotic perspective) of the cultural </em><em>images and appearances. The results reveal underlying multi-meanings attached to </em><em>these images and appearances. The findings reflect the richness and diversity of Marri </em><br /><em>and Bugti cultures and the invisible representational meanings of these objects. This </em><em>research endeavor may be helpful to promote pluralism, harmony and enhance </em><em>intercultural awareness necessary for understanding cultural diversities within and </em><br /><em>across societies. More so, future researchers can explore cultural objects and </em><em>appearances of Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtuns, Urdu speaking, and Saraiki people by </em><em>applying various frameworks of semiotics.</em></p> Muhammad Hussain Muhammad Amjad Kalsoom Bugti Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Amjad, Kalsoom Bugti 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 59 1 35 49 10.46568/jssh.v59i1.324 TRANSITION IN RURAL ECONOMY: AN EMPLOYMENT PERSPECTIVE <p><em>The process of transition in rural economy has been observed with the deepest and </em><em>fastest structural transformation from farm to non-farm sector in Pakistan. The </em><em>structure and composition of labour market is also undergoing such considerable </em><em>changes due to increasing share of the non-farm sector. Given this insight, the study </em><em>assesses the change in rural economy particularly relying on population and migration </em><em>trend and employment transition. The descriptive analysis of the study reveals that there</em><br /><em>is declining trend in migration from rural to urban areas with a considerable transition </em><em>in employment from farm to non-farm sectors. The factor analysis points out the fact </em><em>that push incentives of the farm sector are stronger than the pull incentives of the nonfarm sector for the movement of labour away from the farm sector in Pakistan. Hence, </em><em>an immense focus is required for the farm sector in the lieu of employment opportunity </em><em>while creating more diversification in non-farm activities in rural areas. Thus, there </em><em>is also a dire need to enhance occupational activities such as agro-based processing, </em><em>new farming practices, livestock, small scale manufacturing, retail trade, construction </em><em>etc. to enhance the earnings of labour in the rural economy.</em></p> Mukesh Kumar Azeema Begam Nargis Noman Copyright (c) 2020 Mukesh Kumar, Azeema Begam, Nargis Noman 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 59 1 51 73 10.46568/jssh.v59i1.325 PARANOIA AND JOB SATISFACTION <p><em>The present study investigated the relationship between paranoia and job satisfaction. </em><em>Paranoia is defined as suspiciousness and the feeling of being threatened even if there is </em><em>no proof of real threat. Paranoia is a concept that is often ignored in researches in </em><em>Pakistan and rarely explored in context of any concept related to occupational life. </em><em>After a detailed literature review, it was hypothesized that paranoia would be negatively </em><em>correlated to job satisfaction. The sample of the present research consisted of 154 </em><em>professionals (77 male, 77 female) from different work settings. Paranoia was measured </em><em>with the Feingstein Paranoia Scale Urdu version</em><em> </em><em>(FPSU) and job satisfaction was </em><em>measured by the Generic Job Satisfaction Scale </em><em>(GJSS). Statistical analysis though </em><br /><em>Pearson Product Moment Correlation indicates that there is a strong negative </em><em>correlation between paranoia and job satisfaction. Recommendations for employers and </em><em>policy makers, avenues of future researches are discussed.</em></p> Farhan Kamrani Nabila Kamrani Farrukh Kamrani Copyright (c) 2020 Farhan Kamrani, Nabila Kamrani, Farrukh Kamrani 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 59 1 75 85 10.46568/jssh.v59i1.326 SPEAKING ANXIETY AMONG PUBLIC SECTOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS <p><em>Many students who are doing their majors in English often suffer from English speaking </em><em>anxiety. The purpose of this study was to examine the reasons that hinder the process of </em><em>speaking English in the students who had English as their major course of studies in a </em><em>public sector university in Karachi. The study was conducted using qualitative research </em><em>approach and the data was collected using focus group discussion. The participants of </em><em>this study were selected using convenient sampling technique for focus group </em><br /><em>discussion. The findings revealed that the pronunciation, syntactic structures, </em><em>insufficient lexical knowledge, fear of negative evaluation, role of a teacher, financial </em><em>and social factors are the main causes of English-speaking anxiety among English </em><em>majors. Recommended measures by the students disclosed that if the institution provides </em><em>them with the suggested speaking opportunities, it could help them improve their anxiety </em><em>towards speaking in English.</em></p> Hadiqa Siddique Farhan Raja Qaiser Hussain Copyright (c) 2020 Hadiqa Siddique, Farhan Uddin Raja, Syed Qaiser Hussain 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 59 1 87 96 10.46568/jssh.v59i1.327 AN ANALYSIS OF POST-CYBERPUNK AS A CONTEMPORARY POSTMODERNIST LITERATURE <p><em>This study is based on Post-cyberpunk in order to highlight the prominence of Postcyberpunk as an emerging representative genre of Postmodern Literature. </em><em>Technological progress has altered the ontology of being a human in an era of </em><em>information technology, thus this study aims to critically discuss the issues of id entity </em><em>and representation. Although ample critical work has been done on genre Postcyberpunk yet this study is unique in a way that it is a collection of different discursive </em><em>practices related to identity crises presented in selected Post-cyberpunk narratives. It </em><em>targets to critically analyze the alternations and transformations in representation of </em><em>identity in the backdrop of Postmodernist Deconstruction of Metanarratives by Lyotard </em><br /><em>(1984). Apart from the deconstruction of metanarratives this study signifies the </em><em>relevance of Post-cyberpunk as Postmodernist Literature that represents society </em><em>through multidimensional discursivity such as capitalism, hypercasaulization, </em><em>imperialism, religion, economy and technology. This study aims to deconstruct the </em><em>metanarratives of identity that were considered to be permanent and claimed to be </em><em>power narratives. It equally represents the deconstruction of center/margin dichotomy </em><em>by bringing mininarratives into the center. The method adopted for research is SocioCognitve Approach by van Dijk (2008) from Critical Discourse Analysis.</em></p> Saba Zaidi Khurram Shahzad Copyright (c) 2020 Saba Zaidi, Mian Khurram Shahzad Azam 2020-06-30 2020-06-30 59 1 97 109 10.46568/jssh.v59i1.329