This article is on analysis of the Muslim politics in the sub continent from 1857-1940. It is common knowledge that there was a growing consciousness amongst the Muslims of the subcontinent of their separate existence as a nation during the later half of the 19th century and the first few decades of the 20th century. But till 1940 Muslims in general and their political organization, Muslim League, in particular, were not ready for the demand of a separate homeland for the Muslims. Their aim in politics was just the safeguard of their rights as a separate entity within united India. They felt that parliamentary democracy based on the rule of majority was not in their interest unless certain measures were guaranteed for the minorities particularly the largest minority, the Muslims. The political atmosphere in India was changing rapidly. The Congress Ministries from 1937-39 proved to be an eye opener for the Muslims and the Muslim League. The Muslim League acknowledged it needed to reorganize itself and work towards mass participation and only then its political career could be secured. Furthermore it felt it needed an alternative path. It was ready to face the bitter reality that Hindus and Muslims could not survive within united India. It was time that Muslims demanded a separate homeland for themselves and finally in March 1940 from the platform of Muslim League a resolution was passed for the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent. This was the famous Lahore Resolution or Pakistan Resolution which than became the centre of the political struggle of the Muslims of the subcontinent.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Prof. Dr. Nusrat Idrees