Every child is our potential future “National Hero”, provided that is born in a healthy and hygienic environment and in a progressive and supportive state, community, family. Majority of infants born in Pakistan today face the risk of premature death. Moreover, low birth weight due to the mothers’ insufficient diet is a common factor amongst one third of these casualties. Hence, this study attempts to explore the prevalence of two factors that is low intake during pregnancy and low birth weight between the less than one year olds and their subsequent mortality during their first month of life. This study was cross sectional in nature and conducted in Peri-urban areas of district Malir, Karachi, Pakistan. Infants under one year of age were included and accidental/injury related cases were excluded. Furthermore, the study instrument involved administration of a structured questionnaire as a data tool. Data was analyzed through using SPSS version 15.0. The result revealed an incidence of a total 259 deaths occurring in infants of less than one year of age. There was a strong relationship between one year old infants’ birth weight and their mothers’ age (P = 0.05). Proportions of deaths due to low nutritional intake of the mothers during pregnancy were high in low birth weight as compared to normal birth weight (P=0.05). It was concluded that low intake during pregnancy increased the risk of low birth weight, which consequently contributed towards infants’ mortality. Hence, a larger proportion of death occurred dur ing the neonatal period.
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Copyright (c) 2013 Saima Baig, M. Fakhrul-Huda-Siddiqui