In recent years, decentralization initiatives have emerged as an important instrument of local development policy in both developed and developing countries. Various approaches of decentralized governance (some time refer local government) are discussed in the light of previous empirical research. It is an attempt to make efficient, effective, transparent and accountable governance at the grassroots level. Decentralization is not unique to Pakistan, but a global trend. Decentralization mechanisms at local level have been appeared as an essential pre-requisite for sustainable socio-economic developments of any country everywhere particularly in Pakistan. It is hoped that, in Pakistan, the genius devolution of political, administrative, financial and electoral responsibilities and authorities to the democratically elected local government would significantly enhance efficiency, transparency, accountability, fairness and participation in resource allocation and public service delivery. The purpose of this paper is to critically evaluate the conceptual framework of decentralized governance and its significant role in Pakistan. The research problem behind the study is to examine how decentralization affects governance; in particular how it increases political competition, improves public accountability, reduces political instability, and imposes incentive-compatible limits on government power and also threatens fiscal sustainability.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.