DEPRESSION IN WORKING AND NON-WORKING WOMEN IN PAKISTAN: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
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Keywords

Depression
Working women
Non-working women
Mental health
Pakistan
Education

How to Cite

Zeab, F., & Ali, U. (2018). DEPRESSION IN WORKING AND NON-WORKING WOMEN IN PAKISTAN: A COMPARATIVE STUDY. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 57(1), 113–126. https://doi.org/10.46568/jssh.v57i1.107

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the difference of depression between working and non-working women of Pakistan. The sample comprised of 250 (125 working, 125 non-working) women. The target group’s age range was between 28 to 45 years. The women were selected from different organizations and areas of Karachi, Pakistan through purposive sampling technique. After taking the permission from authorities and informed consent from the participant demographic forms were filled then in order to measure the depression, Lovibond and Lovibond DASS Scale (1995) was administered, individually. Descriptive statistics and t-test for independent mean were used to analyze the data through Statistical Package Social Science Version 12(SPSS V 12). It was hypothesized that ’’the working-women will score lower on the variable of Depression as
compared to non-working women. The findings show that non-working women scored higher on the scale of depression than working-women in Pakistan. The Mean score of the age was (M =34.126) and the standard deviation was (SD=4.129). The Mean score of Depression of Non-working women was 14.28 and the Mean score of Depression of working women was10.26. The scores depict the lower level of depression in working women compared to non-working women.

https://doi.org/10.46568/jssh.v57i1.107
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Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2018 Dr.Fareda Zeab, Dr.Uzma Ali

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